All About Hajj and Eid in Arabic Language and Culture

Updated: Aug 23, 2019

Feasts and holiday celebrations play a big part in Arabic cultures. Whether you are of Arab descent or have visited an Arab country during a festive season, you would certainly recall the impressive meals and beautiful traditional dresses, alongside the hustle and bustle of vendors and buyers in the streets.

While traditions do vary distinctively from country to country, there are many common Arabic words that are used for "festive" purposes. I would not be able to cover all of them here, but I'll mention a few ones that could be helpful to you if you are learning more about the Arabic language or culture.

Let's start with Eid. The word "Eid" commonly refers to either: Eid Al Adha or Eid Al Fitr. Eid AL Adha corresponds to the "Festival of the Sacrifice", commemorating Prophet Ibrahim’s (Peace be upon him) willingness to sacrifice his son to God and also has a significant relationship with the Hajj or pilgrimage season; while Eid Al Fitr, is the festival marking the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. Both are also referred to as "Eid Al Kabeer" or "The Big Eid" and "Eid Al Sagheer" or "The Small Eid".

The most basic saying in Arabic would be "Eid Mubarak" or "A Blessed Eid".

A common saying in Arabic which means: Wishing you goodness every year, goes as follows:

Kullu ‘aamin wa anta bekhair (to a male) – كُلُّ عامٍ وأَنْتَ بِخَيْر

‎Kullu ‘aamin wa anti bekhair (to a female) – كُلُّ عامٍ وأَنْتِ بِخَيْر

‎Kullu ‘aamim wa antum bekhair (to a group) – كُلُّ عامٍ وأَنْتُم بِخَيْر

*This could also be used for Happy New Year or the New Year (Eid Ra's As-sana عيد رأس السنة).

Now let's go more into detail about Hajj.

Did you know that every year 2 to 3 million Muslims make the Hajj pilgrimage, making it one of the largest gatherings on earth!

What is Hajj? It is the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia, that Muslim adults are expected to make at least once in their lifetimes, and it is one of the five pillars of Islam (shahada or declaration of faith being the first; salat or the daily prayers; zakat or charity; sawm or fasting of Ramadan رَمَضان; and finally Hajj or pilgrimage). The conditions for going on Hajj, which also mean