Updated: Jul 27
Here is a summary of the most important vocabulary in Arabic about: Months, Days, Seasons, Weather, and Time, with conversational examples and sentences + Video Tutorials! All you need to know!
First, let's start with months. There are two types of calendars used across the Arabic world, not forgetting the Hijri or Islamic calendar.
*For some Muslim countries, the Hijri lunar calendar is followed instead of the Gregorian calendar (such as Saudi Arabia) or in addition to it. Some Muslim countries use the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes and the Islamic calendar for religious purposes.
The Islamic Hijri New Year 2020 is supposed to begin in the evening of Wednesday, 19 August, 2020. (This is because a day in the Islamic calendar is defined as beginning at sunset.) The new month is also determined by local sightings of the moon; hence this date may vary.
The Islamic lunar year has twelve months that are based on a lunar cycle, and is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar Gregorian year, and does not occur on the same day of the Gregorian calendar every year.
Years in the Hijri calendar are counted since the Hijrah, which is when the Prophet (PBUH) migrated from Makkah to Madinah (approximately July 622 A.D.).