Updated: Apr 1
Ramadan refers to the ninth month of the Muslim lunar calendar or "Hegira", and commemorates the revelation of the wholly book of Quran. Linguistically, it has developed to include the meaning of observing fast or the fasting month for Muslims. Ramadan in Arabic language also refers to the fourth pillar of Islam, along prayer, "zakaah" (religious obligatory income tax for charity), and pilgrimage to Mecca (Islam's holiest sight). Fasting is considered an opportunity to exercise self control, practice more charity and feel the hunger of the poor, as well as devote one's self to God through intense praying (salat and doaa) and self-reflection.
During Ramadan, muslims abstain from eating and drinking during daylight hours. Families usually wake up before sunrise to have a meal called "suḩour" , followed by prayers. Fasting ends with sunset and a meal called "ifţaar". Nightly prayers or "taraaweeḩ" are a common tradition during Ramadan. The ifţaar meal or breakfast is also a time that families, relatives, friends and even communities gather around to share food and pray together.
Let's go through some of the basic and most common Arabic words and phrases used during Ramadan, and get to know a bit more about Arabic culture:
Ramadan Kareem: رَمَضان كَريم Wishing you a generous Ramadan
Ramadan Mubarak: رَمَضان مُبارَك Wishing you a blessed Ramadan