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How to Ask Questions in Arabic? Beginners Lesson

Updated: Aug 23, 2019

Learning how to ask questions in ِArabic is an important step in understanding and learning the language. This is a simple lesson to introduce you to questions in Arabic, and to help you practice asking basic ones.

To make this easier, let's split question types to two broad categories:

Yes and No Questions & WH Questions (Who/ What/ When/ Where/ How???)

Let's start with Yes and No Questions:

The interrogative particle used for this purpose in Arabic is "Hal" هل or the equivalent of Did or Do in English. Hal can also be substituted by "A" أ (Alif with hamza) for the same purpose.

Asking a question with "Hal" or "A" is very simple, just add it to the beginning of the sentence (made up of subject + verb +object) as in the following example:

هَل + Sentence

هَل + قَرَأَ جاد الكِتاب؟

هَل قَرَأَ جاد الكِتاب؟

(Hal qara’a Jaad al-kitaab?)

Did + Jad read the book?

أ + Sentence

أ + قَرَأَ جاد الكِتاب؟

(A qara’a Jaad al-kitaab?)

Did + Jad read the book?

The answer to the question would either be Yes or No:




نعم، قَرَأَ جاد الكِتاب.

Na'am, qaraa Jaad al-kitaab.

Yes, Jad read the book.





أجل، قَرَأَ جاد الكِتاب.

Ajal, qaraa Jaad al-kitaab.

Yes, Jad read the book.




لا، لَمْ يَقْرَأ جاد الكِتاب.

Laa, lam yaqra'a Jaad al-kitaab.





كلا، لَمْ يَقْرَأ جاد الكِتاب.

Kallaa, lam yaqra'a Jaad al-kitaab.

Now, try it yourself:

أكَلَ جاد التُّفّاحَة.

Akala Jaad at-tuffaaha.

هَل+ --- --- -------؟

Did + Jad eat the apple?

نَعَم، --- --- -------



Na’am, akala Jaad at-tuffaaha.

Yes, Jad ate the apple.

لا، لَمْ يَأْكُلْ --- -------



Laa, lam ya’kol Jaad at-tuffaaha.

No, Jad did not eat the apple.

Now, let's move on to WH Questions:

There are seven interrogative nouns in Arabic, to which an answer is new information, i.e. providing information for what was asked about:

Maa (Who) من

Maza or Maa (What) ماذا ما

Mata (When) متى

Ayn (Where) أين

Kayf (How) كيف

من / ماذا/ متى / أين / كيف + Sentence

من + قَرَأَ الكِتاب؟

(Man qara’a al-kitaab?)

Who + read the book?

ماذا + قَرَأَ جاد؟

(Maza qara’a Jad?)

What + did Jad read?

متى + قَرَأَ جاد الكِتاب؟

(Mataa qara’a Jad al-kitaab?)

When + did Jad read the book?

أين + قَرَأَ جاد الكِتاب؟

(Ayna qara’a Jad? al-kitaab?)

Where + did Jad read the book?

كيف + قَرَأَ جاد الكِتاب؟

(Kayfa qara’a Jad al-kitaab?)

How + did Jad read the book?

Now, try it it yourself:

من / ماذا/ متى / أين / كيف + أكَلَ (جاد) (التُّفّاحَة)؟

من + --- -------؟

Who + ate the apple?

ماذا + --- ---؟

What + did Jad eat?

متى + --- --- -------؟

When + did Jad eat the apple?

أين + --- --- -------؟

Where + did Jad eat the apple?

كيف + أكَلَ جاد التُّفّاحَة؟

How + did Jad eat the apple?

Hope you have enjoyed this quick and basic lessons about asking questions in Arabic. You may wish to download the lesson's flashcards by clicking here or on the pictures below. You may also get it from the Downloads page.

Once you have grasped the concept of asking questions, you can move on to formulate other or more difficult questions. Here are more examples:

When does the teacher arrive?

The teacher arrives at ten o'clock.

متى يصل الأستاذ؟

يصل الأستاذ الساعة العاشرة.

Mata yasil al-ostaaz?

Yasil al-ostaaz as-saa'a al-'aashira.

Where is Amal?

Amal is in the classroom.

أين أمل؟

أمل في الصف.

How many books have you read?

I have read twenty books.

كم كتاباً قرأت؟

قرأتُ عشرين كتابا.

Kam kitaaban qara't?

Qara'to 'ishreena kitaaban.

What's in your hand?

A pen is in my hand.

ماذا في يدك؟

في يدي قلم.

Maaza fee yadik?

Fee yadee kalam.

Enjoy the free lessons and downloads. For more free Arabic learning and reading resources, check out our Stories and Downloads pages. Don't miss out on any new additions and free resources, subscribe to the blog (or click subscribe from the main menu). And stay tuned by Liking our Facebook Page. It's the best way to stay in touch! Please feel free to share any ideas, comments or resources with other readers by leaving a comment below or emailing directly to the blog.

1 comment

1 Comment

Kaalen Goonga
Kaalen Goonga
Jul 14, 2021

Great work. It is all good but for me the most and perhaps only challenge in Arabic is the conjugation of weak verbs. I am sure they can be memorized but are there techniques to easily conjugate them (such as eliminating one of the consonants that bear a sukun to avoid the succession of sukuns? Many thanks!

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