Noun Declension in Arabic

Full Explanation, with Examples and Brain Friendly Flashcards.

The Arabic language is a very logical language, where the grammatical case of the word affects its ending. Grammatical case signifies where the word is placed in the sentence; for example: is it the subject or object?; and whether it is affected by the case of a governing particle; for example: a noun after a proposition (Harf AL-Jarr) will always be in the genitive case and have a Kasra ending .

أكَلَ الوَلَدُ التُّفَّاحَةَ.

The boy ate the apple.

the boy = الوَلَدُ the doer/ who did the verb or action الفاعل "Faa'il"

Being a "doer", "the boy" will be in the nominative case and take a Damma diacritic, which is a nominative sign.

the apple = التُّفَّاحَةَ the object of the verb / the thing or one that received the action or was affected by it.

Being the object, "the apple" will be in the accusative case and take a FatHa diacritic, which is an accusative sign.

أنا في البَيْتِ.

I am at home.

Here, "home" البيت is after "at" في, which is a paricle of Jarr or preposition, causing البيت noun to be in the genitive case and take a Kasra ending, a gentive sign.


*Note: A diptote noun will take FatHa instead of Kasra; so the FatHa becomes the deputy of Kasra in the genitive case. Example:

سَلَّمْتُ على عُمَرَ.

I said hello to Omar.

(Omara) with FatHa and not (Omarin).


The following brain friendly study cards will help you understand the topic in a brief and simple manner.

Noun declension according to grammatical case and position in the sentence.