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Space Vocabulary in Arabic

Let's expand our vocabulary in Arabic, by learning about the most common space vocabulary, including names of planets in our solar system.

Let's not forget: الشّمْس sun (ash-shams) القَمَر moon (al-qamar) النُّجوم stars (an-nujoum)

From the holy Quran:

{إِنَّا زَيَّنَّا ٱلسَّمَآءَ ٱلدُّنْيَا بِزِينَةٍ ٱلْكَوَاكِبِ} (37:6) "Indeed We have adorned the nearest heaven with an adornment of stars"

{إِذْ قَالَ يُوسُفُ لِأَبِيهِ يَٰٓأَبَتِ إِنِّى رَأَيْتُ أَحَدَ عَشَرَ كَوْكَبًا وَٱلشَّمْسَ وَٱلْقَمَرَ رَأَيْتُهُمْ لِى سَٰجِدِينَ} (12:4) "[Of these stories mention] when Joseph said to his father "O my father indeed I have seen [in a dream] eleven stars and the sun and the moon; I saw them prostrating to me"

{وَإِذَا الْكَوَاكِبُ انتَثَرَتْ} (82:2) "And when the stars fall, dispersing"

In Arabic, [Khusūf] refers to the eclipse of the moon 🌛= lunar eclipse= [Khusūfu Al-qamar] ;while [Kusūf] refers to the eclipse of the sun🌞= solar eclipse= [Kusūfu Ash-shams].

[Khusūf]🌛: A lunar eclipse happens when the Earth passes between the Moon and the Sun, causing the Earth's shadow to obscure the moon or a portion of it.

[Kusūf]🌞: A solar eclipse happens when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun, thus blocking all or a portion of the Sun.

From the holy Quran: «فإذا بَرِقَ البصرُ، وخَسَفَ القَمَرُ، وجُمِعَ الشَّمسُ والقَمَرُ، يَقُولُ الإنسَانُ يَومَئِذٍ أيْنَ المفَرُّ» 《So when vision is dazzled, And the moon darkens, And the sun and the moon are joined, Man will say on that Day, "Where is the [place of] escape?"》 Surah Al-Qiyamah ( The Resurrection )

I hope the lesson was useful and enjoyable at the same time!

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